german politics

Why Holocaust denial is a crime in Germany


written by Max Söllner

In today’s Germany the outright denial and even the trivialization of the Holocaust in public is a federal crime, punishable by up to 5 years in prison. Why is that? And since when do these legal provisions exist?

The decades after World War II

Before we get into the history of the laws against Holocaust denial, we must take a brief look at how post-war German society coped with its criminal past. In the years and decades after World War II, the German society – while overwhelming rejecting Nazi ideology after the traumatic experience of the war – chose not to deal with the specific Nazi crimes too intensively. As the conflict between the Soviet Union and the United States and their respective allies, the so called Cold War, began to heat up in the late 1940ies, the pressure of the Allied powers on Germany to reform and transform their society and punish all Nazi perpetrators decreased: (West)Germany was now desperately needed as an ally in the struggle against the communist takeover of Europe. As a consequence, it was mostly up to (Jewish) individuals like Fritz Bauer, Attorney General in the German state of Hessia, to remind Germans of their all to recent past and to at least try to, for example, bring some of the guards at the Auschwitz concentration camp to justice. Generally speaking, the Holocaust, or what the Nazis had euphemistically called ‘the final solution’, was a taboo topic in West Germany in the 1950ies and 60ies. It was rarely talked about publicly and not taught in school extensively like today. In that atmosphere, trivialization and belittling of Nazi crimes could fester.

History of laws agaings Holocaust denial

Therefore, it comes as no surprise that in 1960 the first law against Holocaust denial was passed as a reaction to the re-emerging anti-Semitism in German society: On Christmas Eve 1959, just a couple of months after its widely celebrated re-opening, the synagogue in Cologne was besmeared with swastikas and anti-Semitic slurs by two members of a right-extremist party. In the following months an entire wave of anti-Semitic acts swept over Germany. The administration of chancellor Konrad Adenauer (CDU: Christian Democratic Union) saw itself under considerable pressure to act and therefore decided to pass a law against ‘incitement’ (Volksverhetzung). The purpose of this law was to, among other things, make the denial of Nazi crimes against Jews a crime. The mind-set of the deniers was seen as the foundational myth of new forms of anti-Semitism that focused on the state of Israel and its alleged moral blackmailing of the German state based on the – in the eyes of these anti-Semites – ‘historical lie’ of the Holocaust. Once passed however, the law was never really used to sentence Holocaust deniers as the judicial qualifications necessary for a conviction were set very high. Furthermore, the German judicial system was still full of officials who started their careers in the Third Reich and in most cases were not willing to really confront their, and their country’s past. That does not necessarily mean that they still held on to their old beliefs – even though that could be found too – but they were very reluctant to address the topic of Vergangenheitsbewältigung (the process of coming to terms with one’s past) and therefor bring charges against Holocaust deniers.

In the 1970ies and 80ies various liberal and conservative administrations made half-hearted attempts to pass a more efficient law against Holocaust denial. In 1985 the Bundestag, the German Parliament, passed a law to make it easier to prosecute deniers via libel law. At the same time, this very law also made it a crime to deny the historical fact that German speaking people were expelled and deported from Eastern Europe in the aftermath of World War II, often having to leave all of their belongings behind. This problematic parallelization of crimes was heavily criticized, and many on the Left saw it as an act of revisionism itself.

In 1994 the incitement law of 1960 was amended to guarantee a more efficient prosecution of Holocaust deniers (once again) by reducing the necessary legal qualifications. The law came as a result of the election success of small far-right parties all over Germany. It was part of a legislative package that included severe restrictions on asylum seekers and their rights – not much different then today – in the hope of thereby reducing the appeal and the election chances of the far-right parties.

Overall, there were never that many individuals who openly and publicly denied the Holocaust in Germany over the years – in fact, they are mostly (old) white men with not much else to do – but the immense symbolic effect of these few and the image of Germany they evoked especially abroad made the German state react to them with ever stricter laws. These actions came as an result of the lesson learned from the National Socialists rise to power: ‘Wehret den Anfängen’ (‘Nip it in the bud’; Literally: ‘Beware of the beginnings’).

Today´s handle in Germany and other countries

Today the German state has a variety of legal ways to deal with Holocaust deniers. Because of the severity of the potential sentence for Holocaust denial it comes as no surprise that the right wing discourse in Germany has moved on, from the revisionism of Nazi crimes to the focus on migration, asylum seekers and Muslims/Islam in general. The legacy of these laws, however, lives on: In the last two decades many, in fact most, EU-countries have passed similar laws in the name of the fight against xenophobia and racism. Only the United Kingdom and the Scandinavian Countries oppose such laws on the basis of their understanding of free speech and a free society. In countries with a radically different understanding of freedom of speech, like in the US, such laws would be unthinkable. As a matter of fact, in 1977 the US Supreme Court found it within the limits of the First Amendment, which, among others things, guarantees freedom of speech and freedom of assembly, for the members of the National Socialist Party of America to march through a Jewish neighborhood with a large population of Holocaust survivors with swastika signs. But then again, National Socialism managed to rise to power only in Germany.

living in berlin

10 Facts about Tempelhofer Feld in Berlin

(c) pixabay

written by Paris Karagounis

10 things you didn’t know about Tempelhof Park

The first flight took place in 1909. It was made by the French aviator Armand Zipfel. Zipfel was born in Lyon and learned about mechanics in his father workshop for musical instruments.

The Tempelhof Airport opened on October 8th 1923. Its field was originally used for parades by the Prussian forces and followingly by the German army, up until World War One. Its first terminal was build in 1927. Tempelhof was one of the three busiest airports, along London’s Croydon and Paris’s Le Bourge, in Europe till the beginning of the second World War.

Lufthansa airlines was founded in Tempelhof Airport. On January the 6th 1926 Deutsche Lufthansa airlines was created out of the merger of two commercial airlines. Its fleet numbered 162 aircrafts and a staff of more than a thousand and a half. Lufthansa’s first flight took off on April of that year.

In 1934 the architect Ernst Sagebiel was selected by the Nazi government to built a new, larger terminal. After it’s completion, it was cited the “mother of all modern airports” thanks to its size. It had separate levels for arrivals, departures and logistics and an impressive façade of shell limestone.

During the Berlin blockade, Tempelhof was the sole transit point in and out of West Berlin. On June the 20th 1948, following the division of Berlin by the Allied forces, Soviet forces arbitrarily blocked all aceess points to West Berlin. Historians deem it a counteraction to the introduction of Deutsche Mark in West Germany. The Western Allies set up the Berlin airlift, during which 9000 tons of of supplies were dropped daily throughtout West Berlin.

The Tempelhof Airport closed down on October 2008. The city deemed, at the time, the airport unfit for continuance for a number of enviromental and economic reasons. Thanks to an initiative against the closure of the airport, a referendum was held few months later. 62% of the votes was against the closure yet it did not meet the legal requirmentes to challenge the city’s ruling.

Tempelhof opened two years later as a park. A budget of €60 million was decicated for the modification of the airport as a park, until 2017. An opening ceremony was held on the 8th and 9th of May of 2010.

In 2014 Berliners voted against the city’s proposion to develop a part of the Park. An estimate of 4500 homes, new commercial areas and a public library were planned for building across 25% of the area. 64% of the locals, voted against it. The result was not received genially by a number of media outlets. An editor of Die Welt wrote “In the Prussian capital, hippie culture is state policy”

A number of US film productions have used the airport buildings as a set. Films like the Bourne Supremacy, Steven Spieldberg’s Bridge of Spies and the latest Hunger Games franchise shot some of their scenes in the terminal.

It is now one of the biggest refugee centers in Europe. Since the beginning of the year vast numbers of refugees have been floaking to Germany. The Tempelhof Projekt, the agency developing the space, has been charged with the difficult task to house up to 7000 thousand refugees from Syria, Afganistan and Iraq. “It’s not a space designed for living” a spokeswoman told the New York Times.

german politics

Germans want to put a cap on CEO salaries

CEO cap
(c) pixabay

written by Paris Karagounis

It’s been just over a year since the German government, introduced a national minimum wage. A survey by Die Zeit indicates that almost half of Germans would like to see a maximum wage cap.

Now, this isn’t Germany trying to talk itself out of an extra buck – far from it. The survey – designed as “a typical snapshot through which a country’s pulse is felt” – aims to find out how do Germans feel about the rising gap of wages between CEOs and average employees. The disparity between CEO and employee earnings is currently a hot topic in Germany, prompting public scrutiny and debate.

A 44% of the participants said that they were in favour of a national maximum wage. Interestingly, there is a strong difference of opinion between East and West Germany. 58% of east Germans indicate that they are strongly in favor of such a move, but only 41% of West Germany residents agree to this proposition. Over a quarter of survey respondents indicate that a wage cap would be a bad move, and 29% of those questioned said they are undecided.

A Stronger Economy?

Arguments from both sides focus on whether a wage cap would be detrimental to the national purse. Business advisors claim that more state intervention into the private sphere could be hugely damaging to Germany’s thriving economy as it could lead Germany being hostile towards investors. They also believe that introducing a wage cap will lead to a loss of top talent, causing businesses to falter and consequently widespread job losses.

In their view, wages should be decided by the market alone. However, supporters of the idea say that “company performance is rarely reflected in employee wage parity.” In their opinion, the success of a company or business depends primarily on the quality of the product or service they are offering, and whether there is a niche in the market for them. They stressed that a company’s growth, relies far less on the individual performance of workers, citing as an example the banker-led financial crisis.

This matter continues to polarize the country, eliciting some pretty sensationalist remarks from some corners. Newspaper editor Henning Hoffgaard, famous for heading up the right-wing publication Junge Freiheit, weighed in on a debate by referencing the country’s turbulent history. “44 percent of Germans have learned nothing from socialist terror,” he tweeted.

The Swiss Vote

Die Zeit’s poll was based upon a 2013 referendum in Switzerland, headed up by the Young Socialists and supported by the Greens and the Social Democrats. The 1:12 Initiative proposed limiting the salaries of CEOs to just 12 times that of their lowest-paid employees. The proposal was taken to the polls and was firmly rejected by the Swiss population, who disagreed that a smaller wage gap would lead to better living standards.

Just 34.7% of Swiss voters showed their support for the proposal, in contrast to the whopping 65.3% of citizens who turned out to vote against the plans.

education Uncategorized

Ludwig – Maximilians University (LMU)


written by Ó Gaff Mór

Ludwig-Maximilians-University (LMU) is in Munich, Germany. Duke Ludwig IX the Wealthy of Bavaria-Landshut founded the university in Ingolstadt in 1472 by special papal leave.

LMU: then and now

King Maximilian I moved it to Landshut in 1800 and King Ludwig I moved it to Munich in 1826, ca. 80 kilometers distant. King Maximilian I officially named the university Ludwig-Maximilians-University in 1802 in honor of its founders and it retains that name to this day.
LMU has more than 50,000 students (including 7,400 international students)—30,000 (7,400) women and 20,000 (4,700) men. Almost 9,000 students enroll every year. LMU awards almost 8,000 basic degrees yearly, including 3,300 bachelor degrees, 1,200 master degrees, and 1,400 doctoral degrees. LMU has a professorial academic staff of 1,500, a supporting academic staff of 3,000, and a non-academic staff of 2,400. Excluding its hospital, LMU has an annual budget of €579 million.
In other words, LMU is a major German university. It is the second largest in Germany and should be strongly considered by anyone, particularly international students, interested in an undergraduate degree, a post graduate degree, or supplementary graduate and research studies.

Place to study and live: Munich

Who would not want to live in Munich, given the chance? Munich is the capital of Bavaria and familiarly known as Germany’s secret capital, i.e., Munich’s economic and political influence is more powerful than one might suppose. As a consequence, Munich is a city which always makes Berlin a little nervous; it is a city from which spectacular careers can spring.
The city proper has about 1,500,000 residents and the surrounding area has roughly 6,000,000 inhabitants. Munich is an old and beautiful cosmopolitan city. While the Free State of Bavaria is a bastion of political conservatism, Munich itself is somewhat more liberal and, consequently, a bit more laid back than much of southern Germany. Munich is blessed with spectacular architecture, gardens, museums, music, antiquities, palaces, and art. It has dozens of theaters, four major orchestras, numerous chamber-music groups, and a superb state ballet. According to one report, more people attend musical events every week in Munich than attend two sell-out local Bayern-Munich soccer games. So, whether your “thing”is culture or sport, Munich will never, ever disappoint you.
Housing for students in any major university city is always a formidable issue and, Munich being a very, very popular city, finding student housing is understandably quite daunting. Housing can also be an expensive part of one’s education—although, since the university is tuition free (students pay only a nominal €111 for a so-called semesterticket), one must factor in that delightful savings.
The LMU Studentwerk München office can get you started on your quest for housing and, frankly, the sooner you start, the better. You’ll need perseverance and resourcefulness to succeed, but, since life demands both perseverance and resourcefulness, the experience will pay off for the rest of your career. Here’s a hint: one arrow to be sure you have in your quiver is a familiarity with social media. For example, use Facebook to identify other prospective LMU students as well as current students and former students. Each group can provide both mutual support to find housing as well as a wealth of experience to which only the personal touch has access. Be forthright in your questions and goals and people will bend over backwards to help.

A lot of opportunities at the LMU: Courses, internships and diversity

LMU has 18 primary areas of academic studies, including theology, biology, economics, physics, history, medicine, social sciences, philosophy, and law. The full list is at uni – muenchen.

To paraphrase the old joke, if LMU doesn’t offer it, then it’s not worth studying. Within those 18 primary areas of study, one can choose from more than 100 sub-area combinations of majors and minors at LMU.
What is particularly attractive about Munich, indeed, about most German universities in major cities, is the ready access to internships with major international corporations. Munich offers it all on a very grand and historically infused scale. The city is within easy traveling distance (car, train, air) to almost all major European cities, e.g., Zurich, Amsterdam, Vienna, Athens, The Hague, Berlin, Rome, Brussels, Paris, Copenhagen, Milan, Geneva, Lyon, Hamburg, and London.
The LMU library system comprises the main university library along with 130 decentralized libraries maintained by the individual academic faculties. Overall, the system is home to more than 6,500,000 volumes. While the volumes in the decentralized libraries are intended for those faculties’ students and not lent, most of the main university library’s 2,400,000 volumes are lent. Of course, students also have access to affiliated libraries in Munich, in greater Bavaria, and at other university and research libraries throughout Germany. For example, the Bavarian State Library has more than 9,000,000 volumes, including some extraordinarily rare items, available.
Munich itself is your campus and, if you’ve the time, your diversions can include skiing in the nearby Alps for starters; however, before you challenge the moguls, touch bases with the student culture office. It can provide information and guidance regarding trips, so-called culture clubbing, workshops, tours, and visits. In addition to these activities, you can always take advantage of student groups that might excite your interests, e.g., humanitarian organizations, religious organizations, international organizations, and career-oriented organizations. Students also always have leisure-time choices from art, music, historic sites, festivals, and films. You will never, ever be at loose ends in Munich.

Celebs at LMU

Isaac Newton famously wrote that “If I have seen further, it is by standing on the shoulders of giants.” Here are some of the giants on whose shoulders LMU students can stand: Pope Benedict XVI, Wilhelm Röntgen, Thomas Mann (I recommend Bekenntnisse des Hochstaplers Felix Krull. Der Memoiren erster Teil), Werner Heisenberg, Konrad Adenauer, Berthold Brecht, and Max Weber. Beyond these celebrities, if a pope can be deemed a celebrity, there are 34 Nobel Prize winners, six renowned Germany statesmen, seven anti-Nazi resistance activists, numerous political and public figures, and a raft of notable alumni.
A particularly moving aspect of LMU, at least to me, is the White Rose Movement which opposed Hitler at the height of World War II. For a brief, but moving article on this example of German steadfastness in the face of certain death, go to White Rose. There are no greater shoulders on which one can aspire to stand than those of LMU’s White Rose Movement activists.
Ludwig-Maximilians-University is a superb choice for serious international students determined to acquire an excellent education which they can use to benefit themselves, their family, their communities, and posterity. Bear in mind that education is not the mere awareness of information; it is the brick-by-brick development of knowledge within a structure emphasizing character and integrity that enables the student to app
roach wisdom. As H. G. Wells asserted in his The Outline of History, “Human history becomes more and more a race between education and catastrophe.”

german industry Uncategorized

8 German Start-ups to watch this year

German Start-ups
(c) pixabay

written by Paris Karagounis

Since the beginning of the European debt crisis the continent has been undergoing a start-up revolution. And with its economy steadily expanding, Germany has been leading the way in it. As a generation of young, business-minded creatives come of age they are in the lookout for cities with low costs and diverse workforces.

Since the beginning of the crisis, the German capital proved ideal for young entrepreneurs. Attracting young graduates and professionals from across the world, Germany’s start-up scene is on its way to rivalling London and New York.

German start-up scene 

According to a survey by the Deutsche Startup Monitor, over half of German start-ups reported their operations to be good or satisfactory. We believe that the following companies are set to establish themselves as major players in the German start-up scene.

  •  Movago

Founded in August 2015, Movago is based in Berlin. The professional moving platform managed to raise an astounding Million EUR and facilitated over 2,000 moves in just three months. Using a sophisticated self-learning routing algorithm and standardized fixed prices Movago offers to companies, a cost-effective and free way of moving their operations.The company now operates in over seven European countries, and looks set to roll out even further.

  •  Juniqe

“Making great art affordable to all” is the motto of Berlin-based Juniqe. The company, established in 2014 by founders Lea Lange, Mark Pohl and Sebastian Hasebrink, works with artists from across the world to show and promote the best paintings and photographs as prints on products such as paper, mugs and clothes. Juniqe have been supported along the way by local business angels, and managed to raise over 3.2million in Venture Capital.

  •  HomeToGo

Travel accommodation provider HomeToGo has started out in 2015 and has managed to raise well over 8 million from investors. The company has a search engine for people looking to book apartments and holiday homes internationally and recently announced plans for rapid expansion, including a move into the U.S market.

  •  Spotcap

Spotcap lends its expertise to small businesses by granting them short-term loans and credit. This yet another Berlin-based company that has gone international having offices in Spain, the Netherlands and Australia.

  •  Marley Spoon

Cooking start-up Marley Spoon started in 2014. It dedicates itself to providing innovative recipes, cooked with local, fresh ingredients. The company whips up recipes every week. Upon selection sends, each customer receives a box full of instructions and the needed ingredients. Since their inception, they have achieved massive mainstream success – 10.3 million.

  •  Dubsmash

Entertainment app Dubsmash is a start-up created purely for the millennials. It allows users to record selfie videos of themselves, and overlay them with music and voiceovers from popular culture. The Berlin-based company has raised over 5 million in capital, and has taken Germany by storm

  •  Movinga

Offering customers up to 70% discount, Movinga provides a cheap moving service renters and businesses. With the cooperation of business moguls and investors, the company raised 32.8 million in 2015. Based in Berlin, they now also operate in the UK, Sweden and Italy, to name just a few countries.

  •  Zeotap

Data analyst Zeotap announced 6.4 million in venture capital funding in August 2015. The company offers telecommunication companies different ways to monetize their data. Its senior team has worked at high profile companies such as Vodafone, IBM and Fyber.

german sports Uncategorized

Golfing in Germany

written by Ó Gaff Mór

Par for the Course

Germany has more than 750 golf courses and more under construction or near completion. Many of these courses are part of various pro golf tours, e.g., the “European Tour” (highest level), the “Challenge Tour” (second level), and the “Pro Golf Tour” (third level). Germany has produced some of professional golf’s top touring pros, e.g., Martin Kaymer, currently on the PGA tour and was ranked #1 at one time, and certainly Bernhard Langer, who was a great PGA Tour player when he was younger. Langer is clearly one of the top Champions Tour players and a justifiably favorite son of many German golfers. Germany is truly a golfing nation and that makes it an ideal destination for amateur golfers worldwide to set their sights on a long-term golfing holiday in Germany. It’s one more reason in a long list of reasons to visit Germany.

Golf´s Magic: The struggle

Many casual onlookers scratch their heads in bewilderment when they see colorfully dressed golfers in electric carts or walking 6,000 meters, on average, over a 60-hectare patch of land linking 18 holes and trying to hit a small white ball (e.g., a 42.7mm-diameter dimpled golf ball) into a large blue-green ball (the 12,742km-diameter Earth) in as few strokes as possible. One or more of the three elements that has driven mankind since the dawn of time drives every dedicated golfer, i.e., the struggle of man against man, the struggle of man against nature, and the struggle of man against himself. Each of those internal contests plays a role in every golfer’s urge to return to the links. It should be no wonder that German golf courses need to be part of every good golfer’s experience.
There is, of course, an umbrella of experiences and aspects that shelter every golfer’s internal struggles. Regular rounds of golf (1) provide practice; (2) surround one with well-maintained, beautiful nature; (3) furnish good company with fellow golfers; and (4) are ideal ways to get healthful exercise. When one adds the experience that is Germany to that umbrella of experiences and aspects, the endeavor expands geometrically, for it brings out the common ground of all golfers: it sharpens competitive instincts to play with and against unknown quantities, it tests skills to deal with a natural environment that is possibly quite different from one’s usual experience, and it enables each golfer to summon inner strengths to excel. It’s more than the game, it’s the playing of the game.


Here are some of the German golf courses that will meet the needs of any golfer, from a par-three duffer to a scratch golfer, whose goal it is to improve all aspects of his/her game.

Hamburger Golf-Club e.V. Falkenstein: This par 71, 5,763-meter/5092-meter (men’s/women’s), 18-hole heath-land course was designed by Henry Colt and it will soon celebrate its 110th birthday. Greens fees are €80 weekdays. The address is In de Bargen 59, D-22587 Hamburg, Germany; telephone 49 40 812177. Reviews praise its beauty, particularly in the fall when the heather is in bloom, course playability, its rolling landscape, and its technical challenges. The closest commercial airport is Hamburg. Nearby hotels include Golf hotel Haus Rissen Gästehaus and Golf hotel Hotel Süllberg Karlheinz Hauser. 

Golf & Country Club Hohwachter Bucht: This is a par 72, 5,946-meter/5,217-meter (men’s/women’s), 18-hole course. There is also an adjacent 9-hole course. Greens fees are €44 on weekdays and €54 on weekends. The address is Eichenalle, D-24321 Hohwacht/Ostsee, Germany; telephone 49 4381 9690. Reviews comment positively on the well maintained, diversified course, the wide fairways, delightful playability, excellent lake view, excellent service, fast greens. All-in-all, a “classy operation.” The closest commercial airport is Lübeck Airport. Nearby hotels include Golf hotel Apartments Golden Tüffel and Golf hotel Das Hotel Ostseeblick. 

Golfclub Bodensee Weißensberg e.V.: This is a par 71, 5,848-meter/5,185-meter (men’s/women’s), 18-hole heath-land course. Greens fees are €65 on weekdays and €80 on weekends. The address is Lampertsweiler 51, D-88138 Weißensberg, Germany; telephone 49 8389 89190. Reviewers describe the course as fastidious, well-maintained, and prestigious, and the accommodations are top-notch with a superb restaurant. “One of the most beautiful spots in Germany!” The closest commercial airport is St. Gallen-Altenrhein Airport, just across the border in Switzerland. Nearby hotels include Golf hotel Humboldt-Haus and Golf hotel Haus Sonne.

Golf Club Lauterhofen e.V.: This is a par 72, 5,960-meter/5,291-meter (men’s/women’s), 18-hole course. Greens fees are €50 on weekdays and €60 on weekends. The address is Ruppertslohe 18, D-92283 Lauterhofen, Germany; telephone 49 9186 1574. Reviewers include fast greens, with many interesting fairways; a truly praiseworthy course; a challenging varied course; breathtaking architecture. The closest commercial airport is Nuremberg Airport. Nearby hotels include Golf hotel Hotel-Gasthof Anni and Golf hotel Gasthof-Pension Brauner Hirsch in Alfeld – Mittelfranken.

Golf Club St. Leon-Rot: This is a par 72, 6,047-meter/5,329-meter (men’s/women’s), Hannes Schreiner-designed 18-hole parkland course. Greens fees are €85 on weekdays and €120 on weekends. There is a second 18-hole course and a 9-hole course adjacent to the main course described above. The address is Opelstraße 30, D-68789 St. Leon-Rot, Germany; telephone 49 6227 86080. Reviewers glowingly mention that it is a magnificent course; provocative fairways and greens; superb amenities; one of Germany’s “top 5” courses; unparalleled quality. The closest commercial airport is Baden Airpark. Nearby hotels include Golf hotel Fairway Hotel and Golf hotel Flairhotel & Restaurant Erck. 

Golfclub Rickenbach e.V.: This is a par 70, 5,290-meter/4,680-meter (men’s/women’s), 18-hole course. Greens fees are €80 on weekdays and €95 on weekends. The address is Hennematt 20, D-79736 Rickenbach, Germany; telephone 49 7765 777. Reviewers note the course’s splendid challenges and daunting, hilly landscape; well-maintained; ideal golf holiday venue; wonderful amenities. The closest commercial airport is Zurich Airport, just across the Swiss border. Nearby hotels include Golf hotel Schwarzwald and Golf hotel Pension Sonne. 

A thorough list of the top German golf courses, by region, is available here. Plan and book as soon as you can.

An example for golfer´s devotion to the sport

Many readers might not appreciate how devoted to the sport some players are. Here is a true story; judge for yourself. On a crisp Saturday morning in mid-September, four golfers who regularly played together made the turn from the ninth hole to the tenth tee on the outer edge of the course. A nearby road led to the local cemetery. Just as the men approached the tenth tee, a funeral cortege slowly made its way to the cemetery. One of the men stopped in his tracks, pulled off his golfing cap, bowed his head, and stood respectfully in reverent silence as the cortege passed. Afterwards, when the man donned his cap and rejoined the group, one of his colleagues turned to him. “I’ve never been so impressed by anything you’ve ever done. You’r
e the most competitive golfer I know, yet you stopped to show your respect as that funeral cortege passed. That was extraördinary and quite moving.” “It’s the least I could do,” said the man. “We would have been married 34 years in December.”