10 Facts about Tempelhofer Feld in Berlin

Tempelhof
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10 things you didn’t know about Tempelhof Park

The first flight took place in 1909. It was made by the French aviator Armand Zipfel. Zipfel was born in Lyon and learned about mechanics in his father workshop for musical instruments.

The Tempelhof Airport opened on October 8th 1923. Its field was originally used for parades by the Prussian forces and followingly by the German army, up until World War One. Its first terminal was build in 1927. Tempelhof was one of the three busiest airports, along London’s Croydon and Paris’s Le Bourge, in Europe till the beginning of the second World War.

Lufthansa airlines was founded in Tempelhof Airport. On January the 6th 1926 Deutsche Lufthansa airlines was created out of the merger of two commercial airlines. Its fleet numbered 162 aircrafts and a staff of more than a thousand and a half. Lufthansa’s first flight took off on April of that year.

In 1934 the architect Ernst Sagebiel was selected by the Nazi government to built a new, larger terminal. After it’s completion, it was cited the “mother of all modern airports” thanks to its size. It had separate levels for arrivals, departures and logistics and an impressive façade of shell limestone.

During the Berlin blockade, Tempelhof was the sole transit point in and out of West Berlin. On June the 20th 1948, following the division of Berlin by the Allied forces, Soviet forces arbitrarily blocked all aceess points to West Berlin. Historians deem it a counteraction to the introduction of Deutsche Mark in West Germany. The Western Allies set up the Berlin airlift, during which 9000 tons of of supplies were dropped daily throughtout West Berlin.

The Tempelhof Airport closed down on October 2008. The city deemed, at the time, the airport unfit for continuance for a number of enviromental and economic reasons. Thanks to an initiative against the closure of the airport, a referendum was held few months later. 62% of the votes was against the closure yet it did not meet the legal requirmentes to challenge the city’s ruling.

Tempelhof opened two years later as a park. A budget of €60 million was decicated for the modification of the airport as a park, until 2017. An opening ceremony was held on the 8th and 9th of May of 2010.

In 2014 Berliners voted against the city’s proposion to develop a part of the Park. An estimate of 4500 homes, new commercial areas and a public library were planned for building across 25% of the area. 64% of the locals, voted against it. The result was not received genially by a number of media outlets. An editor of Die Welt wrote “In the Prussian capital, hippie culture is state policy”

A number of US film productions have used the airport buildings as a set. Films like the Bourne Supremacy, Steven Spieldberg’s Bridge of Spies and the latest Hunger Games franchise shot some of their scenes in the terminal.

It is now one of the biggest refugee centers in Europe. Since the beginning of the year vast numbers of refugees have been floaking to Germany. The Tempelhof Projekt, the agency developing the space, has been charged with the difficult task to house up to 7000 thousand refugees from Syria, Afganistan and Iraq. “It’s not a space designed for living” a spokeswoman told the New York Times.

Germans want to put a cap on CEO salaries

CEO cap
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It’s been just over a year since the German government, introduced a national minimum wage. A survey by Die Zeit indicates that almost half of Germans would like to see a maximum wage cap.

Now, this isn’t Germany trying to talk itself out of an extra buck – far from it. The survey – designed as “a typical snapshot through which a country’s pulse is felt” – aims to find out how do Germans feel about the rising gap of wages between CEOs and average employees. The disparity between CEO and employee earnings is currently a hot topic in Germany, prompting public scrutiny and debate.

A 44% of the participants said that they were in favour of a national maximum wage. Interestingly, there is a strong difference of opinion between East and West Germany. 58% of east Germans indicate that they are strongly in favor of such a move, but only 41% of West Germany residents agree to this proposition. Over a quarter of survey respondents indicate that a wage cap would be a bad move, and 29% of those questioned said they are undecided.

A Stronger Economy?

Arguments from both sides focus on whether a wage cap would be detrimental to the national purse. Business advisors claim that more state intervention into the private sphere could be hugely damaging to Germany’s thriving economy as it could lead Germany being hostile towards investors. They also believe that introducing a wage cap will lead to a loss of top talent, causing businesses to falter and consequently widespread job losses.

In their view, wages should be decided by the market alone. However, supporters of the idea say that “company performance is rarely reflected in employee wage parity.” In their opinion, the success of a company or business depends primarily on the quality of the product or service they are offering, and whether there is a niche in the market for them. They stressed that a company’s growth, relies far less on the individual performance of workers, citing as an example the banker-led financial crisis.

This matter continues to polarize the country, eliciting some pretty sensationalist remarks from some corners. Newspaper editor Henning Hoffgaard, famous for heading up the right-wing publication Junge Freiheit, weighed in on a debate by referencing the country’s turbulent history. “44 percent of Germans have learned nothing from socialist terror,” he tweeted.

The Swiss Vote

Die Zeit’s poll was based upon a 2013 referendum in Switzerland, headed up by the Young Socialists and supported by the Greens and the Social Democrats. The 1:12 Initiative proposed limiting the salaries of CEOs to just 12 times that of their lowest-paid employees. The proposal was taken to the polls and was firmly rejected by the Swiss population, who disagreed that a smaller wage gap would lead to better living standards.

Just 34.7% of Swiss voters showed their support for the proposal, in contrast to the whopping 65.3% of citizens who turned out to vote against the plans.

8 German Start-ups to watch this year

German Start-ups
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Since the beginning of the European debt crisis the continent has been undergoing a start-up revolution. And with its economy steadily expanding, Germany has been leading the way in it. As a generation of young, business-minded creatives come of age they are in the lookout for cities with low costs and diverse workforces.

Since the beginning of the crisis, the German capital proved ideal for young entrepreneurs. Attracting young graduates and professionals from across the world, Germany’s start-up scene is on its way to rivalling London and New York.

German start-up scene 

According to a survey by the Deutsche Startup Monitor, over half of German start-ups reported their operations to be good or satisfactory. We believe that the following companies are set to establish themselves as major players in the German start-up scene.

  •  Movago

Founded in August 2015, Movago is based in Berlin. The professional moving platform managed to raise an astounding Million EUR and facilitated over 2,000 moves in just three months. Using a sophisticated self-learning routing algorithm and standardized fixed prices Movago offers to companies, a cost-effective and free way of moving their operations.The company now operates in over seven European countries, and looks set to roll out even further.

  •  Juniqe

“Making great art affordable to all” is the motto of Berlin-based Juniqe. The company, established in 2014 by founders Lea Lange, Mark Pohl and Sebastian Hasebrink, works with artists from across the world to show and promote the best paintings and photographs as prints on products such as paper, mugs and clothes. Juniqe have been supported along the way by local business angels, and managed to raise over 3.2million in Venture Capital.

  •  HomeToGo

Travel accommodation provider HomeToGo has started out in 2015 and has managed to raise well over 8 million from investors. The company has a search engine for people looking to book apartments and holiday homes internationally and recently announced plans for rapid expansion, including a move into the U.S market.

  •  Spotcap

Spotcap lends its expertise to small businesses by granting them short-term loans and credit. This yet another Berlin-based company that has gone international having offices in Spain, the Netherlands and Australia.

  •  Marley Spoon

Cooking start-up Marley Spoon started in 2014. It dedicates itself to providing innovative recipes, cooked with local, fresh ingredients. The company whips up recipes every week. Upon selection sends, each customer receives a box full of instructions and the needed ingredients. Since their inception, they have achieved massive mainstream success – 10.3 million.

  •  Dubsmash

Entertainment app Dubsmash is a start-up created purely for the millennials. It allows users to record selfie videos of themselves, and overlay them with music and voiceovers from popular culture. The Berlin-based company has raised over 5 million in capital, and has taken Germany by storm

  •  Movinga

Offering customers up to 70% discount, Movinga provides a cheap moving service renters and businesses. With the cooperation of business moguls and investors, the company raised 32.8 million in 2015. Based in Berlin, they now also operate in the UK, Sweden and Italy, to name just a few countries.

  •  Zeotap

Data analyst Zeotap announced 6.4 million in venture capital funding in August 2015. The company offers telecommunication companies different ways to monetize their data. Its senior team has worked at high profile companies such as Vodafone, IBM and Fyber.

The true face of Germany in the Refugee Crisis?

© kytrangho via Pixabay
© via Pixabay – die Mauer | the (outside) wall — die Wand | the (inside) wall

German Transport Minister “closure of the border would see Europe fail” says is true in reverse

The German transport minister stated recently that Germany can no longer show its ‘friendly face’ to refugees. Mr. Alexander Dobrindt pleaded with Chancellor Angela Merkel to close the country’s borders unless other European nations start accepting similar numbers with Germany.

During an interview with München Merkur newspaper, Mr Dobrindt voiced his concern over Merkel’s ‘open door’ policy. “I would advise us all to prepare a plan B; We must prepare ourselves for not being able to avoid border closures”

Denying criticism that border closures would be damaging to Europe, the minister stated that Berlin should act alone if a Europe-wide deal could not be reached. “The sentence, the closure of the border would see Europe fail, is true in reverse. Not closing the border, just going on, would bring Europe to its knees.” If the refugee numbers don’t begin to fall, then Germany should go ahead with its own policies.

Dobrindt is a member of the Christian Social Union (CSU), the Bavarian sister party to Merkel’s Christian Democratic Union (CDU). As Bavaria is the main entry point for refugees seeking asylum in Germany, tensions have been rising among Merkel and several of its cabinet members. Most recently, the district’s minister Peter Dreier sent 31 Syrian refugees to Berlin as a protest against the lack of accommodation and resources available to asylum seekers in the town of Landshut.

Dobrindt’s concerns followed an announcement from Bavarian CSU leader Horst Seehofer, who has promised to send a request to the federal government demanding that ‘orderly conditions’ be restored at the German borders.

The statements made by Mr. Dobrindt and Mr. Seehofer were criticized by the German foreign minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier. A member of the Social Democratic party, Mr Steinmeier supported the chancellor’s position and stated that “the solution…does not lie in closing borders.”

Merkel’s decision to let refugees enter Germany freely has dominated headlines for several months. In 2015 the country welcomed more than a million asylum seekers, and there are no indications that the influx will slow down.

Responding to criticism of her open door policy in regard of the refugee crisis, Mrs. Merkel said that she will work to reduce the number of refugees entering Germany, but later claimed that enforcing an upper limit would lead to border closures.

The German chancellor is also encouraging Turkey to restrict the refugees’ movement to their borders while also asking for other European countries to increase their intake of asylum seekers.

Germany’s iron lady also agreed with the EU Migration Commissioner Dimitris Avramopoulos, calling for refugee reception centers, the so called hotspots, to be built on European borders.

Merkel’s CDU party also wants North Africa to be declared a ‘safe zone’. If they succeed, Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia will be classified as safe countries, a move that will dramatically reduce the number of North African nationals being granted asylum.

The decision would allow Germany to provide advanced help and resources to people fleeing war zones such as Syria. 40% of the asylum seekers who have arrived in Germany last year, are Syrian nationals.

The declaration of a North African safe zone would mean that Moroccan, Algerian and Tunisian nationals would no longer be housed in shelters across Germany.

Whether that would help solving the refugee crisis only time will tell.

German Automobile Industry Giant BMW Celebrates 100 Years

german-automobile-industry-bmw
© Jaffe via pixabay

Driving into the Future

Iconic German automobile manufacturer BMW celebrated its 100 year anniversary on March 7th. For one day, the company halted production throughout their 30 international plants, and invited their workers – all 116,000 of them – to join them in toasting a century of success.

BMW bosses took full advantage of the occasion, and unveiled their vision of the ‘car of the future’ – a hyper-modern super vehicle that includes, among many hi-tech features, a self-driving facility and a digital driving companion that has the ability to predict the driver’s thoughts.

It’s the newest innovation of a company that has constantly sought to develop bigger and better ideas. CEO Harald Krüger predicts at least a 20 year wait before the first models come out but used the unveiling to highlight BMW’s innate ability to adapt to changes in the market and society.

The Company’s Nazi Past

Today, BMW is an iconic German brand that enjoys a solid reputation both at home and abroad. Their stats are impressive; steady sales of over 2 million cars a year, sales of over 88 billion EUR per annum, and having overtaken Mercedes-Benz as the world’s leading luxury brand in.

Despite the recent economic slump in China, and stiff competition from other high-end car manufacturers, the company has been holding steady and maintaining growth against the odds for years, leading The Economist to dub them “a benchmark for success in the German automobile industry”.

However, BMW’s route to success wasn’t always so smooth. The company started out in 1916 as the Bayerische Motoren Werke – that’s Bavarian Engine Manufacturers, FYI – and worked solely on producing aircraft engines. They launched their first motorbikes soon after, and in 1928 their first car, the Dixi 3/15, hit the market.

Following the years of the Great War and World War Two, BMW shifted its focus to producing engines for the Luftwaffe. Its owner Günter Quandt was a member of the Nazi party and enjoyed very close ties with those at the top. His business empire exploited over 50,000 forced laborers, many of them forced in concentration camp. 25,000 of them were “employed” at various BMW plants, one of which was situated in close proximity to the notorious Dachau camp.

Until recent years the company was reluctant to admit its ties to the Nazi party, and refused to accept responsibility for harm caused or donate money to survivors.

However, the Quandt family, who still own the company, commissioned a study that dug into their shady past. In 2011, they admitted their Nazi past, apologized and paid their dues.

A Steady rise ever Since

After the war, things looked shaky for BMW when the decline in motorbike sales and stiff competition from mass-market car producers threatened to lead to a takeover by Daimler. Fortunately Herbert Quandt pushed the company to make mid-range cars (such as the BMW 1500 in 1959) and pulled the company back from the brink.

Since then, BMW’s only major fault was their disastrous acquisition of the Rover Group in 1994. After trying to resuscitate the ailing British company for six years, they finally admitted defeat in 2000 and sold off most of the group, keeping only the Mini, which went on to achieve huge mass-market success. The company rebuilt itself again, and has been doing big business since current CEO Norman Reithofer and his “number one” strategy put them back on the map for good.

Experts worry that the company could be facing hard times as their stream of ideas, slows to a trickle. Competitors such as Mercedes, Jaguar, and Volvo are upping their game in a bid to corner a larger share of the luxury market, and typical mass market brands such as Citroen and Ford have been experimenting with premium auto production with varying levels of success.

A new Course for German Manufacturing

internet of things in Germany
© by Foundry via Pixabay

The new era of digitalization is changing manufactures as we know them

Germany is well known for producing goods. The country is mostly known for its automobiles, chemical goods and home appliances. According to a report of the German National Academy of Science and Engineering “22 of Germany’s top 100 small and medium sized enterprises are machinery and plant manufacturers with three of them featured in the top ten”.
But as the use of smartphones is exponentially increasing (a 2014 report by the Economist Intelligence Unit indicated that by 2018, the number of smartphone users worldwide is expected to reach 2,8 billion) the global economy is shifting to a hyper-connected status. And with it, the report of the National Academy says, the global trends for manufactures are gradually changing.

In this new era, gathering data and using it to produce new online solutions will be more profitable than making products. The report indicates that is now possible to “network resources, information, objects and people to create the Internet of Things and Services”.

This network, IoT, will allow companies to turn products into streams of information, when micro-sensors placed on their packaging are scanned. As a result, businesses will able to enhance, correct and even create tailored goods for particular groups of customers and also to create stronger relations with them.

The “Internet of things and services” will bring the 4th stage of industrialization where a company would be able to design a product in one part of the globe and within few hours start making it, into its factory located in another country.
In order to compete aggressively, large manufactures would have to create “open platforms” so their smaller and medium sized counterparts can build and sell online products on them. For these platforms to succeed all of their parts, manufacturers, developers and customers, would need to function in systemic way. There are several examples of successful platforms in consumer markets; the more apps people purchase the more data is generated and new online solutions can be created as a result.

This leads us to believe that even companies competing each other could end up inter-connected through products on open-platforms. Yet the mentality of German manufacturers along with the strict legislation about intellectual property shows that the creation of online applications based on shared information, might prove difficult.
Moreover the prevailing business spirit in Germany, in comparison to American businesses, is risk averse, a distinct cultural element. The country’s young workforce lacks out-of-the-box thinking and risk taking, two skills highly valuable in the world of data.

Even though the prices of many products and particularly those of “smart devices” are declining due to the use of multiple networks by manufacturers.
There are no signs that the end-users in Germany are properly informed about the use of their information. And whether finally, should this be a global trend, they agree to this trade off.

Germany wants UK to stay in EU

United Kingdom stays in the European Union
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German Chancellor Angela Merkel made an impassioned appeal, last week, for Britain to remain in the European Union.

Supporting British Prime Minister David Cameron’s calls for a renegotiation of the EU terms of membership, she told the German government that she was “convinced that it is in our national interest for Great Britain to remain an active member in a strong and successful European Union.”

She also asked her government to understand the British position and pointed out that Cameron’s plans would have a positive impact on every EU member state. “Far from being demands that are just for Britain, they are also European demands and many of them are justified and necessary” she said.

In Everyone’s Interests

Merkel made her statement shortly before Cameron attended a two day EU summit in Brussels, where European leaders gathered to discuss his proposal for potential reforms. Among many things, he called for tighter rules on immigration and benefits – both hot topics throughout Europe due to increasing refugee waves.

In order to achieve success, Cameron will have to get 28 EU leaders to pledge their support to the package that was drawn up by EU council president Donald Tusk.

Merkel has already made her support vocal. She agrees with Cameron that countries not in the Eurozone should not be pushed aside, and also said that “there is no point of dissent between the UK and Germany as far as social systems are concerned.”

Protecting the UK benefits system has long been a key concern of the British premier, and Merkel backing him up has given his concerns significant weight. France and Ireland have also weighed in with their support, and French PM Francois Hollande has said that Britain has a “firm basis” for an agreement. However, these ideas have received significant criticism from Eastern European governments, most notably Poland, Hungary, Slovakia and the Czech Republic.

The Czech Prime Minister Bohuslav Sobotka has been the most outspoken, saying that he would be in full support of the measures so long as they don’t affect the wellbeing of his citizens. The reforms include a clause about imposing child benefit limits on migrants, leading to concerns amongst Eastern European governments that the reforms will hit their citizens hardest. They have, in response, proposed that the limits only apply to new arrivals in the UK, and not to citizens currently residing in EU countries.

In response to these reprovals, Merkel quashed any arguments that the new system would be unfair by stating that the original EU principles of free movement and non-discrimination were “not open for discussion.”

Should they stay or Should they go?

The summit was held shortly after polls revealed that the majority of “mainland” Europeans want Britain to remain in the EU, with 60% for and 10% against. But the British public are less divided, with just 50% wanting to remain in the EU compared with 40% who want to leave. Cameron has promised that a nationwide referendum will be scheduled for before the end of 2017, but it’s looking like a vote could happen as early as June this year.

Cameron’s business-oriented government will surely be paying attention to the results of another poll that asked British and German business leaders “how would a Brexit affect your investments? “.Over 30% of businessmen and women polled said that Britain leaving the EU would have a “very” or “somewhat” negative impact over the coming three years, and 29% said that they would definitely reduce their UK operations if a Brexit was confirmed, with many stating that they would withdraw altogether.

Business managers overwhelmingly want Britain to stay in the EU, with 76% of British firms and 83% of German firms agreeing. “The prospect that almost a third of British and German companies threaten to reduce or remove their activities in the UK should cause concern among politicians as well as the general public,” stated the authors of the report.

Would you want the United Kingdom to remain in the European Union? And if so why?
Tell us in the comments.

Germany Builds 62 Mile Bike-Highway

German Bicycle Highway
der Radfahrer – the cyclist / Image via Skitterphoto

Cyclists across Germany are elated over the introduction of the first portion of the Radschnellweg, an environmentally friendly highway (Autobahn) for bicycles.

Germany has long been a pioneer with its transportation links – the Autobahn and Autobahn Plus are known globally for their lax stance on speeding, as well as their efficiency. Now, German cyclists can enjoy the first part of their own Autobahn. The first five kilometers of this highway for bicycles was opened just prior to the New Year. Providing modern transport links to 10 major cities across Germany. The final plan is for the highway to span over 100 kilometers, with experts hoping to take 50,000 cars off the road.

With roughly two million people living within two kilometers of the new route, it is hoped that this project will alleviate the substantial congestion on the roads. These ‘velo’ routes feature four meter wide lanes that allow for overtaking and cross roads leading to increased efficiency of the traffic. The wellbeing of the cyclist has been kept in mind throughout construction. The entire system is to be fully illuminated at night time and cleared of snow during winter providing high safety standards.

The city planners, having worked on the velo routes, made every effort to make them as comfortable as possible for commuters. The final route will also connect four universities. The route, which will pass through Bochum, Duisburg, Hamm and 7 other German cities will use disused railway tracks across the Ruhr industrial region.

A recent surge in cycling has helped further a project such as the Radschnellweg, as electric bicycles become more and more famous as a way of getting around. Electric bicycles also make it much feasible to commute longer distances. According to the German Bicycle Club ADFC ten percent of all trips in the country are now done by bicycle. Moving forward, projects like these will help with the big city commutes. Burkhard Stork, manager of the ADFC, said: ‘Building highways in cities is a life-threatening recipe from the 1960’s. No one wants more cars in cities.’
Mr. Stork is not wrong. Rush hour in big cities across the world, not just Germany, is becoming a huge concern, partly for any commuters sanity but more for the environment. Based on studies of the US Environmental Protection Agency, the exhaust pipe of one automobile pumps about 4,7 metric tons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.

The development group behind the project, RVR, have seen success in the Netherlands and Denmark with similar projects before making its way to Germany. Unfortunately, due to legislative issues there may be some impediments. The federal government does not usually take financial responsibility for any maintenance and upkeep of projects such as this, leaving local authorities struggling. However, ongoing talks with RVR and the German federal government has offered hope that a $196 million cheque will keep the project alive.

Berlin-The Place to Study

where to study in germany
© Image via Pixabay

The QS Best Student Cities list is published every year. This year the German capital is 9th while Munich ranked on the 11th place.

The Best Student Cities index calculates the most student-friendly cities in the world on 5 categories:

  1. University rankings: Calculated by the number of universities featured on the World University Rankings and a score depending on which ranking each institution has.
  2. Affordability: Calculated by the tuition fees index, the Big Mac and Ipad Index and the Mercer cost of Living Index. Many indicate that even a European capital, Berlin still has moderately cheap rents and stable living costs. As a result it got its’ highest marks in the affordability category.
  3. Student mix: Calculated by the volume of international students, the ratio of international to local students and the tolerance and inclusion index.
  4. Desirability: Calculated by the Economist’s Liveability Index, the Globalization and World Cities Index, the Safety and Pollution score by Numbeo and the Corruption Perceptions Index.
  5. Employer activity: Calculated by the number of universities domestic employers favour, a number of the universities international employers believe produced excellent graduates and the World Bank’s Youth Employment Bonus.

The city is also highly regarded among students all over the world, thanks to an increasing number of graduate and post-graduate courses in English. Berlin’s Freie Universität ranked 119th in the QS world university rankings. The city is considered acutely artistic for its museums and galleries. While the youngsters love it for its vibrant night life.

Paris tops the list as the world’s most student-friendly city, for a fourth year. The mayor of Paris, Anne Hidalgo, told to Guardian: “Paris is proud to be ranked as the best world student city. Our youth represents our greatest strength and incarnates our greatest hope. We carry an ambitious politic to make youth able to blossom, be successful, be able to choose and to build its future. We will continue to support students by offering them opportunities, in an open, dynamic and creative city.”

The French capital continues to appeal to the majority of expat students for its international universities. Eighteen of them being among the world’s top 75. The city got high scores for its moderately low fees, averaging $2400 in 2014, and for its local students’ high aspects of employability.

London fell into the 5th position this year due to its high cost of living. The world’s leading financial hub is widely known for its acclaimed universities. The UCL, University College London, and the Imperial College ranked 7th and 8th in the world.

Montreal is placed on the 7th position. Its famous McGill University is 24th in the world, the city is also known for its International Jazz Festival. Montreal got a high score in the student mix category.

Lastly, the city of Munich reached the 11th place. Home to the headquarters of a number of famous German multinationals such as BMW, Siemens and Allianz. Munich got surprisingly its highest marks in the affordability category.

 

Germany Mourns over Paris Attack

One minute of silence fell all over Germany today, as people from all major cities gathered to mourn for the loss of 129 people in the Paris attacks over the weekend.

Locals and tourists gathered outside the French embassy in Berlin, just meters away from the Brandenburger Tor, to pay homage to those killed at the Paris attacks. The French ambassador Philippe Etienne joined the small crowd. On midday even Berlin’s S-Bahn trains haled their services as a sign of remembrance.

Political analysts now indicate that the German government is divided on the recent refugee crisis and seems quite likely to turn more austere.

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